20 July 2024 | 11:23 PM

Mswati said to owe millions, but a judicial directive prevents court action against the Swazi monarch.

Key Takeaways

The perils of doing business with Swaziland’s King Mswati III have been highlighted by the sad case of a Swazi businessman who says he was ruined by the monarch’s refusal to pay the agreed sale price for his upmarket Mbabane guesthouse.

Victor Mphithizeli Ndlovu (59) said the king’s office agreed in 2005 to pay R2.6-million for the property, but had only forked out R1-million. Despite this, it had been registered in Mswati’s name.

Ndlovu summonsed Mswati’s chief officer, Bheki Dlamini, in December 2011, but the case was blocked by a directive from controversial Chief Justice Michael Ramodibedi banning all courts from entertaining legal claims against the king or his office.

Ramodibedi based his decision to shield Mswati on section 11 of the Constitution, which absolves the king from any civil or criminal proceedings.

AmaBhungane has learned that an Egyptian company was contracted to carry out renovations to bring the 12-room guesthouse up to royal standards — at a cost of R5.5-million, according to a 2010 report by the Nation, which also said the chief officer in the king’s office once tried to entice Ndlovu to accept a lower offer than agreed by telling him that if he did the king would appoint him to some unspecified position. Ndlovu refused.

The Swaziland Law Society has cited the case in a complaint to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights in The Gambia about the undermining of the Swazi judiciary.

Ndlovu, a diabetic, is now nearly blind and has other health problems. He told amaBhungane that he had to rely on relatives to pay his medical bills and for his upkeep.


His financial woes started about 10 years ago, when the Swazi royal family told him to accommodate the late Queen Mamahato of Lesotho at his Prestige guesthouse in Mbabane’s Beverley Hills suburb.

A close friend of Mswati’s mother, Indlovukazi Ntombi Tfwala, Mamahato was attending Swaziland’s Marula Festival. Ndlovu was told to move existing guests so that she could enjoy exclusive use of the guesthouse for 10 days.

When Mamahato and her entourage left, Mswati kept the keys to enable his then-fiancée, now one of his 13 wives, Inkhosikati LaNtentesa, to occupy the property. Ndlovu said that she stayed for close to three years, accumulating millions of rands in bills, which the king’s office failed to pay.

He said Mswati paid him R1-million as part of the arrears, which he used to pay Nedbank to avoid foreclosure on his mortgage.

The king’s office then agreed that the property and all the furniture it contained would be sold to Mswati.

Ndlovu’s lawyer, Lindifa Mamba, placed the agreed price at R2.6-million, with R1.6-million still outstanding.

Turned away

Ndlovu said that he went to the royal palace to seek an audience with the king about the unpaid balance, “but each time I was turned back with the word that the king was busy with state duties”.

He said Finance Minister Majozi Sithole was eventually dispatched to inform him that he would not receive the money.

Initially, he tried to sue Sithole in his capacity as minister, who is ex officio chairperson of the board of trustees responsible for the assets of the king’s office.

He then served papers on the office itself, following a court ruling that he must sue the king’s office, not government.

At that point, Ramodibedi’s directive blocked court action of any kind.

Mamba confirmed that the summons issued in 2011 cited Bheki Dlamini, the chief officer in the king’s office. However, the officials there refused to accept or ­register it.

Dlamini declined to comment. “I have been away from the office for two months,” he said.

King Cash Cow

A Swazi Cabinet minister, who asked not be named, said that Mswati had personally informed him that Ndlovu had been paid in full.

“The king wondered if he was being turned into a cash cow to pay up all Ndlovu’s debts,” said the minister.

He offered to find proof of payment, but later said that he could not find it. He said he would like the dispute to go to court, where the truth would come out.

Repeated attempts to reach the acting chief executive in the king’s office, Boy Dlamini, were unsuccessful. AmaBhungane finally reached the estates manager in the office, pastor Sihle Dlamini, who promised to consult on the matter. Contacted later, he indicated that he had been unable to find Ndlovu’s file.

He suggested that amaBhungane send him questions and promised to forward them to the chief officer, but Dlamini had not responded by the time of going to press.

The former chief officer, Roy Fanourakis, said that after he was appointed in 2004, he made some payments to Ndlovu, which he estimated at about R1-million. He confirmed reporting on the matter to Mswati.

“The difficulty was that there was no proper paperwork and documentation and a lot of the matters raised were based on hearsay,” Fanourakis said.

“I paid some of the money and other amounts were to be paid later. When I left the king’s office, the matter was still ongoing.”

He would not comment on Ndlovu’s claim to have been ruined.

Mswati’s personal wealth has been estimated at $200-million.

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The M&G Centre for Investigative Journalism, a non-profit initiative to develop investigative journalism in the public interest, produced this story. All views are ours. See www.amabhungane.co.za for our stories, activities and funding sources.

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Before joining the amaBhungane team in 2017, Micah was the national coordinator for media freedom and diversity at the Right2Know Campaign. He holds a Masters in African Studies from Oxford University and a BA Honours in History from Wits University.

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