22 July 2024 | 04:14 AM

Sishen mine fraud case intensifies

Key Takeaways

Kumba Iron Ore has raised major questions about rival Imperial Crown Trading’s alibi in the increasingly bitter struggle by both parties to have the other prosecuted for fraud and corruption over the awarding of mining rights.

The two companies have locked horns over a multibillion-rand stake in Sishen Mine in the Northern Cape that the mineral resources department initially awarded to Imperial.

The North Gauteng High Court ruled that the stake was Kumba’s, but the fight continues. Both parties have laid criminal charges against each other alleging that the rival fraudulently manipulated certified copies of the title deeds to the mine.

Either Kumba employees go down, and with them the reputation of parent company Anglo American, or a host of politically connected directors and shareholders in Imperial.

Under mining law, applications are processed on a first-come, first-served basis, but when both parties submit applications on the same day, the party with the superior empowerment credentials has preference.

Kumba’s application was in the department’s possession over the weekend prior to Monday May 4 2009 — the first working day when applications for the vacant stake could be captured.

Amateurly disguised copies

Kumba alleges that Imperial connived with department officials to ensure that Imperial’s application was captured on the department’s system on May 4, but that in reality its application was incomplete at the time. Amateurly disguised copies of Kumba’s title deeds were later found in Imperial’s application.

Imperial is fighting the Hawks in the Northern Cape High Court to have search-and-seizure warrants set aside. Kumba succeeded in being admitted to the case as an interested party. Both Kumba and the Hawks filed replying affidavits last week.

Imperial’s alibi was that its founder and chief executive, Phemelo Sehunelo, went to the Vryburg deeds office in North West early on the morning of May 4 to get copies of the title deeds to Sishen.

With these copies in hand, Sehunelo said he made the 205km trip back down the N18 to Kimberley before 10am. He claimed he gave them to his personal assistant, Sharifa Ferris-Carter, to copy and be certified by a clerk at the Kimberley High Court.

He said the certified copies of the copies were included in Imperial’s application, lodged on the department’s system at 11.10am.

When clumsily photocopied certified copies of Kumba’s title deeds were later found in Imperial’s application, the latter claimed that Kumba had connived with department officials to remove Imperial’s Vryburg-sourced title deeds from the file and insert the obvious fakes.

‘Utterly implausible’

In the court papers filed last week, Kumba’s legal services head, Robert Botha, called Imperial’s alibi “utterly implausible and indeed manifestly false”.

He suggested that Imperial did not have time to source copies of title deeds from Vryburg and instead stole the title deeds from Kumba’s application and hurriedly made copies for inclusion in their own application.

Kumba’s papers included an affidavit by Johan Schoon, a Vryburg attorney “with extensive experience in dealing with” the local deeds office. Schoon posed two major challenges to Imperial’s version of events:

    • The Vryburg deeds office opens at 8am. Schoon said it was “unlikely” that Sehunelo could have cut through all the red tape in the Vryburg office, driven 205km back to Kimberley and cut through more red tape in Kimberley to submit his application by 11:10am.


  • The Vryburg deeds office has no record of having issued Sehunelo title deed copies on May 4.

Botha said: “I submit that Imperial’s version is so implausible [that] it confirms, rather than undermines, the fact that there were grounds for a search and seizure warrant to be issued.”

Botha also countered Imperial’s claim that Kumba was working in concert with Hawks investigating officer Sandra van Wyk and serious commercial crimes prosecutor Glynnis Breytenbach to nail Imperial.

“All [Kumba has] done is to lay a criminal complaint against Imperial and then proceeded, in their capacity as complainants, to offer assistance to the investigating team,” he said.

Breytenbach has been forced to step down from the case and faces being suspended from the serious commercial crimes unit altogether.

She has also defended herself in the court papers: “It is a fiction and out of kilter with reality that a complainant simply makes a complaint and thereafter the police and the prosecution are left to work everything out for themselves.”

Van Wyk also defended the beleaguered Breytenbach. “She is always independent, objective and extremely tough to the point, sometimes, of being abrasive,” she said.

Imperial to reply

Imperial is expected to file a reply to both Kumba and the Hawks before March 15, when the Northern Cape High Court finally hears Imperial’s application to have the search-and-seizure warrants thrown out.

Meanwhile, cellphones and computer hard drives seized from Imperial and the department during the raids remain tantalisingly out of the Hawks’ reach until the matter is settled in court.

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The M&G Centre for Investigative Journalism, a non-profit initiative to develop investigative journalism in the public interest, produced this story. All views are ours. See www.amabhungane.co.za for all our stories, activities and sources of funding.

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Before joining the amaBhungane team in 2017, Micah was the national coordinator for media freedom and diversity at the Right2Know Campaign. He holds a Masters in African Studies from Oxford University and a BA Honours in History from Wits University.

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